Prapitamaheshavara Temple and Shankata Devi Temple (site 13)

Documentation Sheet of Built Heritage/Site N.M.M.A., Archaeological Survey of India for Prapitamaheshavara Temple and Shankata Devi Temple
Site Number: site013, Monument Name: Prapitamaheshavara Temple and Shankata Devi Temple
Prapitamaheshavara Temple and Shankata Devi Temple (site 13-1)
Site Number: sci-site013, Date Period: Early medieval period, Brief History: The temple seems to have been constructed more recently since it is not mentioned in the previous surveys of Gaya (including Patil's account). The sculptural pieces within the temple precincts and outside (beneath the pipal tree) seem to be of the early medieval period., Local Tradition Associated With Building--Structure--Site: The temple is maintained and regulated by the locals, who worship here., General Remarks: Most of these images were brought to the temple from the river as explained by the priest. They were thrown and he and his father picked them up from the river and installed them. However this claim need not be taken on the face value. Whenever new shrines were erected in Gaya, priests tended to collect sculptures from different places and install them within their shrines. This may have been the case at this shrine as well. -- Also the name of the shrine as Prapitamahesvara seems to be a smart strategy to use a pre-existing familiar name to build a reputation/following for the shrine. --, Architectural Style: A small rectangular temple, which has two chambers and a small opening space that leads to both the chambers. A tree-platform has been erected outside, which houses several pieces of sculptures., Description Of The Building--Structure--Site: A small rectangular temple within which multiple sculptures have been plastered. Marble and tiles have been used to beautify the shrine. There is a pipal tree just across from the temple, beneath which a platform has been raised. Several broken and eroded images have been placed on the platform., Location: Lakhana pura locality, Approach: 500 meters south of the Vishnupada, Topographical Features: It is located at the southern edge of the Mundaprstha hill. The temple is not too far from the Phalgu river but the river is not visible from the temple. It is located within a settlement., Building-Structural Material And Other: Brick stones marble tiles, Usage: Temple is used locally by the inhabitants of Lakhanpura locality, who worship Siva linga, other Shaiva images and the AstaMatrika panel., Protection Status: Sculptures inside the shrine are plastered and seem safe since the temple has a grill and lock. However, broken fragments outside are unsafe but they may not attract any attention because of their present condition., Present Condition: Most sculptures here are eroded and broken., Vishnu: I. Tree- platform: 1. Broken figure-Vishnu?, 2. Vishnu 28", 2. Broken Varaha 12", Shiva: I. South Chamber. West wall: 1. Ganesha and a panel in a niche, 2. 3 lingas, 3. main Linga and a Nandin. II. Outer entry Chamber. West wall- north of entry: 1. eroded Uma-mahesvara 14", 2. 3 eroded figures –one is Ganesha -- On the west wall- between the shrines: 1. eroded Uma-mahesvara and 3 fragments-(plastered into a niche), 2. new ganesha -- West wall South of shrine entry: 1. Broken Uma-mahesvara 28" -- Second shrine- north chamber: 1. 2 figures identified as Bhairava 10". II. Tree- platform: 1. Broken Uma-mahesvara -- -- --, Devi: I. Outer entry Chamber. Second shrine- north chamber: 1. Durga (main image), 2. navadurga 12x72" in 2 pieces, Other gods--goddesses: I. Outer entry Chamber. On the west wall- between the shrines: 1. 8 Matrika panel 14x60". II. Tree- platform: 1. Surya- broken at top 48", 2. Surya ? Broken, 3. Navagraha
Prapitamaheshavara Temple and Shankata Devi Temple (site 13-2)
Site Number: sci-site013, Date Period: Early medieval period, Brief History: The temple seems to have been constructed more recently since it is not mentioned in the previous surveys of Gaya (including Patil's account). The sculptural pieces within the temple precincts and outside (beneath the pipal tree) seem to be of the early medieval period., Local Tradition Associated With Building--Structure--Site: The temple is maintained and regulated by the locals, who worship here., General Remarks: Most of these images were brought to the temple from the river as explained by the priest. They were thrown and he and his father picked them up from the river and installed them. However this claim need not be taken on the face value. Whenever new shrines were erected in Gaya, priests tended to collect sculptures from different places and install them within their shrines. This may have been the case at this shrine as well. -- Also the name of the shrine as Prapitamahesvara seems to be a smart strategy to use a pre-existing familiar name to build a reputation/following for the shrine. --, Architectural Style: A small rectangular temple, which has two chambers and a small opening space that leads to both the chambers. A tree-platform has been erected outside, which houses several pieces of sculptures., Description Of The Building--Structure--Site: A small rectangular temple within which multiple sculptures have been plastered. Marble and tiles have been used to beautify the shrine. There is a pipal tree just across from the temple, beneath which a platform has been raised. Several broken and eroded images have been placed on the platform., Location: Lakhana pura locality, Approach: 500 meters south of the Vishnupada, Topographical Features: It is located at the southern edge of the Mundaprstha hill. The temple is not too far from the Phalgu river but the river is not visible from the temple. It is located within a settlement., Building-Structural Material And Other: Brick stones marble tiles, Usage: Temple is used locally by the inhabitants of Lakhanpura locality, who worship Siva linga, other Shaiva images and the AstaMatrika panel., Protection Status: Sculptures inside the shrine are plastered and seem safe since the temple has a grill and lock. However, broken fragments outside are unsafe but they may not attract any attention because of their present condition., Present Condition: Most sculptures here are eroded and broken., Vishnu: I. Tree- platform: 1. Broken figure-Vishnu?, 2. Vishnu 28", 2. Broken Varaha 12", Shiva: I. South Chamber. West wall: 1. Ganesha and a panel in a niche, 2. 3 lingas, 3. main Linga and a Nandin. II. Outer entry Chamber. West wall- north of entry: 1. eroded Uma-mahesvara 14", 2. 3 eroded figures –one is Ganesha -- On the west wall- between the shrines: 1. eroded Uma-mahesvara and 3 fragments-(plastered into a niche), 2. new ganesha -- West wall South of shrine entry: 1. Broken Uma-mahesvara 28" -- Second shrine- north chamber: 1. 2 figures identified as Bhairava 10". II. Tree- platform: 1. Broken Uma-mahesvara -- -- --, Devi: I. Outer entry Chamber. Second shrine- north chamber: 1. Durga (main image), 2. navadurga 12x72" in 2 pieces, Other gods--goddesses: I. Outer entry Chamber. On the west wall- between the shrines: 1. 8 Matrika panel 14x60". II. Tree- platform: 1. Surya- broken at top 48", 2. Surya ? Broken, 3. Navagraha